Mon. Jul 15th, 2024

To SecYEG as a dimer 20.Not merely has the oligomeric functional state of SecA been a matter of dispute, but also the precise structural form of the SecA dimer has remained ABMA In Vitro unclear provided the different SecA dimer crystal forms which have been observed lately. SecA from 4 bacterial species has been crystallized as each monomers and dimers 2126. Though all the SecA crystal structures displayed a related protomer creating block, strikingly unique dimer interfaces have been observed (Figure 1). The initial B. subtilis SecA crystal structure (1M6N) predicted an antiparallel dimer orientation with in depth interactions amongst the several Nterminal and Cterminal Fenpropathrin custom synthesis domains of SecA on opposing protomers, which was supported experimentally by a study employing FRET 21, 27. However considering the fact that then, 4 added SecA dimer structures have been published, all with unique dimer interfaces. The M. tuberculosis SecA dimer structure (1NL3) also has the two protomers arranged in an antiparallel fashion, however it contains the smallest dimer interface formed by symmetrical interactions amongst two helices at the junction of NBF21 and HSD of one particular protomer together with the tip of the twohelix finger subdomain along with a strand of PPXD of your other protomer 23. An option antiparallel B. subtilis SecA dimer structure (2IBM) has the two protomers arranged in an orthogonal style using a dimer interface that’s situated in the prominent groove formed by the junction of NBF2 and PPXD 25. The E. coli SecA dimer structure (2FSF) also has the two protomers arranged in an antiparallel fashion, however the dimer interface consists solely of contacts between NBF1 and NBF2 on the respective1Abbreviations: AF, Alexa Fluor; FRET, F ster resonance power transfer; HPLC, highperformance liquid chromatography; HSD, Helical scaffold domain of SecA; HWD, helical wing domain of SecA; IAEDANS, 5((((2iodoacetyl)amino)ethyl)amino)naphthalene1sulfonic acid; IAE, IAEDANS; IANBD, N((two(iodoacetoxy)ethyl)Nmethyl)amino7nitrobenz2oxa1,3diazole; IAN, IANBD; NBF1, nucleotidebinding fold1 domain of SecA; NBF2, nucleotidebinding fold2 domain of SecA; PPXD, preproteincrosslinking domain of SecA; SEC, size exclusion chromatography; SP2, 22 residue extended E. coli alkaline phosphatase signal peptide with cysteine at position two; SP22, 22 residue long E. coli alkaline phosphatase signal peptide with cysteine at position 22; SP41, 41 residue long extended E. coli alkaline phosphatase signal peptide with cysteine at position two; TKE, 25 mM TrisHCl, pH 7.5, 25 mM KCl, 1 mM EDTABiochemistry. Author manuscript; obtainable in PMC 2014 April 09.Auclair et al.Pageprotomers 22. Lastly, the T. thermophilus SecA dimer structure (2IPC) may be the only a single presently that has the two protomers arranged in a parallel fashion in which an helix from NBF2 as well as the most Nterminal portion of HSD of a single protomer insert into the NBF1NBF2 interface with the other protomer to form a hingelike structure that provides the dimer an overall open scissorslike configuration along its lengthy axis 24. No matter if any of those SecA dimers is physiologically relevant or is solely the outcome of its crystallization conditions remains presently unclear. In that regard, a recent cryoelectron microscopy study supported an antiparallel orientation for the E. coli SecA dimer, but it found a much more comprehensive dimer interface that was incompatible together with the E. coli SecA crystal structure 28. The existence of more SecA dimer structures has led to troubles in interp.